Friday, May 22, 2020

Heat of Vaporization Example Problem

Heat of vaporization is the amount of heat energy required to change the state of a substance from a  liquid into  a vapor or gas. It is also known as enthalpy of vaporization, with units typically given in joules (J) or calories (cal). Heat of Vaporization Problem This sample problem demonstrates how to calculate the amount of energy required to turn a sample of water into steam: What is the heat in joules required to convert 25 grams of water into steam? What is the heat in calories?What you know: Heat of vaporization of water 2257 J/g 540 cal/g Note:  You wont be expected to know enthalpy or heat values; they will be given in a problem or can be looked up in a table. How to Solve You can solve this problem  using either joules or calories for heat. Part I: Use the formula  q m ·ÃŽâ€Hv in which q heat energy, m mass, and ΔHv heat of vaporization.q (25 g)x(2257 J/g)q 56425 JPart II: q m ·ÃŽâ€Hfq (25 g)x(540 cal/g)q 13500 cal Answer The amount of heat required to change 25 grams of water into steam is 56425 joules or 13500 calories. A related example illustrates how to calculate the energy when water changes from solid ice into steam.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Bill of Attainder Definition

A bill of attainder – sometimes called an act or writ of attainder or an ex-post facto law – is an act of a government’s legislature that declares a person or group of persons guilty of a crime and prescribing their punishment without the benefit of a trial or judicial hearing. The practical effect of a bill of attainder is to deny accused person’s civil rights and liberties. Article I, Section 9, paragraph 3, of the U.S. Constitution prohibits the enactment of bills of attainder, stating, â€Å"No Bill of Attainder or ex-post facto Law will be passed.† Key Takeaways: Bills of Attainder Bills of attainder, or ex-post-facto laws, are acts of Congress that declare a person or persons guilty of a crime without a trial or judicial hearing.As a part of English Common Law, monarchs often used bills of attainder to deny a person’s right to own property, the right to a title of nobility, or even right to life.Arbitrary British enforcement of bills of attainder on American colonists was a motivation for the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution.As direct denials of civil rights and liberties, bills of attainder are prohibited by Article I, Section 9 of the U.S. Constitution.The individual U.S. states are similarly prohibited from passing bills of attainder on their citizens by Article I, Section 10 of the U.S. Constitution.   Origin of Bills of Attainder Bills of attainder were originally part of English Common Law and were typically used by the monarchy to deny a person’s right to own property, the right to a title of nobility, or even right to life. Records from the English Parliament show that on January 29, 1542, Henry VIII secured bills of attainder that resulted in the executions of a number people holding titles of nobility. While the English Common Law right of habeas corpus guaranteed fair trials by a jury, a bill of attainder completely bypassed the judicial procedure. Despite their obviously unfair nature, bills of attainder were not banned throughout the United Kingdom until 1870. US Constitutional Ban of Bills of Attainder As a feature of English law at the time, bills of attainder were often enforced against residents of the thirteen American colonies. Indeed, outrage over the enforcement of bills attainder in the colonies was one of the motivations for the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution. The dissatisfaction of Americans with British attainder laws resulted in their being prohibited in the U.S. Constitution ratified in 1789. As James Madison wrote on January 25, 1788, in the Federalist Papers Number 44, â€Å"Bills of attainder, ex-post facto laws, and laws impairing the obligations of contracts, are contrary to the first principles of the social compact, and to every principle of sound legislation. ... The sober people of America are weary of the fluctuating policy which has directed the public councils. They have seen with regret and indignation that sudden changes and legislative interferences, in cases affecting personal rights, become jobs in the hands of enterprising and influential speculators, and snares to the more-industrious and less-informed part of the community.† The Constitution’s ban of the use of bills of attainder by the federal government contained in Article I, Section 9 was considered so important by the Founding Fathers, that a provision banning state law bills of attainder was included in the first clause of ​Article I, Section 10. The Constitution’s bans of bills of attainder at both the federal and state level serve two purposes: They enforce the fundamental doctrine of separation of powers by forbidding the legislative branch from performing functions constitutionally delegated to the judicial or executive branch.  They embody the protections of due process of law expressed in the Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments. Along with the U.S. Constitution, the constitutions of ever state expressly forbid bills of attainder. For example, Article I, Section 12 of the constitution of the State of Wisconsin reads, â€Å"No bill of attainder, ex-post facto law, nor any law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall ever be passed, and no conviction shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate.† Sources and Further Reference Saunders, Thomas M. â€Å"Defining Bills of Attainder.† The Bill of Attainder Project. Lipson, Barry J. â€Å"Bill of Attainder: Trial by Legislature.† Federally Speaking (Number 36).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Calyx Corolla Case Analysis Free Essays

1. The strength of the Calyx Corolla formula is that they enhance the delivering speed so that customers get fresher flowers. Also, it lowers the cost of delivery from growers to C C, from wholesellers to retailers, and from retailers to customers. We will write a custom essay sample on Calyx Corolla Case Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now But there are also problems in the formula. For example, it is hard to control the quality of the products. C C has to monitor the growers and Fed, and spend extra money to maintain the high quality of the products. . Calyx Corolla has been successful because they make delivery more efficient, which is to deliver flowers directly from growers to customers so that the plants are fresher. Also, they accurately position themselves and send catalogues to people who are likely to buy flowers. It’s an efficient way to market without a large amount of cost. Third, they developed business partners to promote selling. 3. The large growers like Sunbay Company also distribute and sell flowers themselves. They also buy flowers from other growers. Thus it is hard to control the quality of the flowers they provide. The large growers like Sunbay Company are both partners and competitors because they also sell flowers to customers. 4. They are growing the business by launching an advertising campaign. They will advertise on television emphasizing the longevity and freshness of the lowers. They will insert mini-catalogs into newspaper supplements and magazines. 5. The company is customer-oriented. They directly link consumers with growers in order to reduce the time it took to deliver, thus ensure the freshness and longevity of the consumers. They will not let flowers frozen outside the door in the cold days if they fail to deliver it, because it this will not encourage consumers to buy flowers from them again. They send catalogs regularly and change their banquets seasonally to meet consumers’ needs. All they have done is to keep the â€Å"life-time† customers. They are not only selling flowers, they are selling good service as well. 6. It’s easy for customers to find what they want through the website, because the company has provided different ways of categorizing the bouquets. Customers can decide what kind of flowers they need according to different situations. It’s very customer-oriented. How to cite Calyx Corolla Case Analysis, Essay examples

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

S. Namuuntulga Tuesday 14.20 Essays - Perception, Nervous System

S. Namuuntulga Tuesday 14.20 The nose sense of smell and taste The nose is a organ used for breathing and smelling that is found in the center of the face above the mouth. At the end of the nose there is a pair of nostrils, these allow you to breathe in air and exhale it. At the end of the nostrils comes the nasal cavity. Going farther up, the cavities divide into 3 shelf-like bones called nasal concha e or turbinates these warm inhaled air. The outside of the nose consists of a elastic tissue called cartilage. The human nose is in fact the main organ of smell as well as taste. We can recognise thousands of different smells, and we are able to detect odours even in infinitesimal quantities. The sense of smell is very closely related to the sense of taste. Sometimes the odor makes us think what the food will taste like, if we did not have the sense of smell the sense of taste would be greatly affected, you would have the basic tastes but nothing like you have now. Smell occurs in the olfactory, this is where nerve receptors lie, then passes through to the mouth causing most of the sensation of taste. Smell-sensitivity researchers have to be very careful about the odours they use in experiments, because a smell is not always a smell. Many odorous substances activate not only the olfactory system but also the somatosensory' system -the nerve endings in our noses which are sensitive to temperature, pain etc. This is why anosmics ' - patients who have completely lost their sense of smell - can still detect menthol, phenylethyl alcoh ol and many other substances. The sense of smell triggers a fight or flight response that helps survival. Our ability to taste is another scientific feat on its own. We are able to tell great tasting food from unpalatable ones of the millions of taste cells called "gustatory cells" that are clustered within taste buds of the tongue, lining of your throat and roof of the mouth. That we're born with around 10,000 taste buds. When we chew food or drink soup, these substances combine with our saliva and release molecules that stimulate these gustatory cells. Like the nose, there are specific taste cells responsible for detecting and identifying a taste quality. Your gustatory cells send signals to your brain to interpret the taste or group of tastes that are being detected. There are five basic taste qualities: sweet, sour, salty, bitter and savory or "umami". Umami is brought by glutamate, which can be found naturally in protein-rich foods or artificially in form our monosodium glutamate, also known as " vetsin ". Taste, along with smell determines flavors of food or other sub stances. In conclusion, nose is in fact the main organ of smell as well as taste. Both senses - smell and taste are part of our body's chemosensory system, or simply referred to as the "chemical senses". This is because taste and smell both work by making sense of the chemicals surrounding us - the substances that combine to create a dish or the millions of molecules that comprise different odors. References

Friday, March 20, 2020

Religious Studies Essays

Religious Studies Essays Religious Studies Essay Religious Studies Essay Essay Topic: Nashville Name: Course: Instructor: Date: Religious Studies The relationship between religion and literature is illustrated where several themes are integrated with the views of religion. It also focuses on explaining the connection between people’s concerns, related, religious inclinations and the literary styles used to articulate the information. Several themes have been illustrated in various sources containing religious information including films, books and different articles. However, this document will focus on discussing several themes in the religious movie known as Fireproof. Fireproof is a movie that narrates about a firefighter who deals with the problem of his wife wanting to divorce him. However, his father pleads with him to postpone the divorce for a period of forty days and offers him a book known as the Love Dare (Richard 13). The book is meant to solve the firefighter’s marriage problems with his wife, because it informs about the temperament of true love and gives steps of guidance in solving relationship issues. One of the themes found in Fireproof is forgiveness, and it relates the scene where the firefighter is forgiven by his wife, to the religious forgiveness that an individual experiences when he is in a relationship with God (Solomon 23). It illustrates the importance of an individual’s marriage or relationship to God as a valuable investment because through this relationship, all other things in life thrive. Therefore, fireproofing or safeguarding this worthy union protects the believer from being tempted to transgress. In addition, the believers become unionized with God and hence are able to maintain peace with their enemies (Solomon 23). The next theme found in Fireproof is faith, and it is illustrated where the firefighter decided to trust in the book his father gave him as he was about to give up with his marriage and divorce his wife (Anker 6). The firefighter made the choice to believe that he would find some hope once he begun reading the book about saving his marriage. Faith is also witnessed at the concluding scene, whereby he decides to be a born again Christian. He runs to the backyard of his father’s house and weeps on a statue of a cross as his father meets him to comfort and pray for him. He finally takes a step of faith by giving his life to Jesus Christ with the hope of experiencing peace and happiness in his life, marriage and family. The theme of unconditional love is illustrated at the concluding scene where the firefighter experiences divine forgiveness. The next day after giving his life to Christ, the man appears to be very happy and peaceful as compared to other times when he seemed to be in a cranky mood. Therefore, this means that the love of God is unconditional and limitless since anyone is allowed to experience it and hence He wants people to live through honoring in order to experience that love (Chris and Rao, M.D 262) The other theme in the Fireproof movie is the theme of addiction. It is displayed in the scene whereby the firefighter is addicted to accessing internet pornography. As a result, his wife complains several times about this habit and it ends up being one of the reasons for wanting to divorce him. The man struggles with quitting the habit but becomes unsuccessful until the day he gives his life to Jesus Christ (Stephen 57). From that day, he develops a profound strength and faith that helps him overcome this habit. For example, instead of using the computer when he arrives from work, he forms an interest in reading the bible. Biblical principles have also been used as a form of literature in Fireproof based on the strong foundation of marriage. The movie explains the principle on how every relationship has to face certain challenges because different circumstances in life always find a way to interfere in relationships. However, these problems faced by couples are meant to strengthen the marital relationship since it enables each person in the commitment to display positive strong qualities including love, patience and persistence that makes it easier to overcome these challenges. In addition, these qualities determine the commitment of a spouse to build a strong base on the relationship (Gabriel 121). The next theme shown in the film focuses on obedience. It reflects the Christian view of obedience by explaining that if a person obeys God’s commands, he is likely to overcome any challenge in life that is thrown at him. For example, after the firefighter decided to trust in God by leaving his old habits like his addiction to pornography, he was able to appreciate and treat his wife with more love and respect and as a result, their marriage bond became stronger despite facing the challenge of losing their younger son to Cancer (Lynn and Mark 125). The next biblical principle illustrated in the film, is on how man has been ordered by God to love his wife. In the scene where the firefighter became a believer, he realized that he was peaceful and happy once he learned to appreciate and love his wife than in the past when he was always complaining and being moody to her. This shows that for him to experience God’s forgiveness, he had to take a step of loving his wife and abandoning his old gruesome ways of treating his wife. The film also illustrates the dynamic of family through the aspect of love and togetherness. For example, after the reconciliation of the married couple, they focus on loving their children by praying and convincing their older son to give his life to Jesus Christ in order to experience the same peace and happiness they felt (Catt 218). In addition, it shows that family is built on the strong foundation of marriage since the parents were able to focus more on their children when their marriage was reconciled than before when they were facing challenges (Douglas 142). Reference Anker, Roy M. Of Pilgrims and Fire: When God Shows Up at the Movies. Grand Rapids, Mich: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co, 2010. Print. Catt, Michael C. The Power of Desperation: Breakthroughs in Our Brokenness. Nashville, Tenn: B H Pub. Group, 2009. Print. Connelly, Richard. Lost Art of Romance: How to Romance a Lady. S.l.: Trafford On Demand Pub, 2009. Print. Cowan, Douglas E. Sacred Terror: Religion and Horror on the Silver Screen. Waco, Tex: Baylor University Press, 2008. Print. Kendrick, Stephen. Holy Clues: The Gospel According to Sherlock Holmes. New York: Vintage Books, 2000. Print. Solomon, Stephannie E. R. Living with the King: Meditations That Teach, Transform and Transcend. S.l.: Authorhouse, 2009. Print. Suszek Lynne and Suszek Mark. First Wash the Inside. Nashville, U.S.A: Lockman Foundation, 2009. Print. Mckee, Gabriel. The Gospel According to Science Fiction: From the Twilight Zone to the Final Frontier. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007. Print.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Louisa May Alcott - Author of Little Women

Louisa May Alcott - Author of Little Women Louisa May Alcott is known for writing  Little Women  and other childrens stories,  connections to other Transcendentalist thinkers and writers.   She was briefly a  tutor of Ellen Emerson, daughter of Ralph Waldo Emerson, nurse, and was a Civil War nurse.   She lived from November 29, 1832 to March 6, 1888. Early Life Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, but the family quickly moved to Massachusetts, a location with which Alcott and her father are usually associated. As was common at the time, she had little formal education, taught mainly by her father using his unconventional ideas about education. She read from the library of neighbor Ralph Waldo Emerson and learned botany from Henry David Thoreau. She associated with Nathaniel Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, Elizabeth Peabody, Theodore Parker, Julia Ward Howe, Lydia Maria Child. The familys experience when her father founded a utopian community, Fruitlands, is satirized in Louisa May Alcotts later story, Transcendental Wild Oats. The descriptions of a flighty father and down-to-earth mother probably reflect well the family life of Louisa May Alcotts childhood. She early realized that her fathers flighty educational and philosophical ventures could not adequately support the family, and she sought ways to provide financial stability. She wrote short stories for magazines and published a collection of fables shed originally written as tutor for Ellen Emerson, Ralph Waldo Emersons daughter. Civil War During the Civil War, Louisa May Alcott tried her hand at nursing, going to Washington, DC, to work with Dorothea Dix and the U.S. Sanitary Commission. She wrote in her journal, I want new experiences, and am sure to get em if I go. She became ill with typhoid fever and was affected for the rest of her life with mercury poisoning, the result of the treatment for that illness. When she returned to Massachusetts, she published a memoir of her time as a nurse, Hospital Sketches, which was a commercial success. Becoming a Writer She published her first novel, Moods, in 1864, traveled to Europe in 1865, and in 1867 began editing a childrens magazine. In 1868, Louisa May Alcott wrote a book about four sisters, published in September as Little Women, based on an idealized version of her own family. The book was successful quickly, and Louisa followed it a few months later with a sequel, Good Wives, published as Little Women or, Meg, Jo, Beth and Amy, Part Second. The naturalism of the characterizations and the non-traditional marriage of Jo were unusual and reflected the Alcott and May families interest in Transcendentalism and social reform, including womens rights. Louisa May Alcotts other books never matched the lasting popularity of Little Women. Her Little Men not only continues the story of Jo and her husband, but also reflects the educational ideas of her father, which he was never able to communicate effectively in writing. Illness Louisa May Alcott nursed her mother through her final illness, while continuing to write short stories and some books. Louisas income financed the move from the Orchard House to the Thoreau house, more central in Concord. Her sister May died of complications of childbirth, and assigned guardianship of her child to Louisa. She also adopted her nephew John Sewell Pratt, who changed his name to Alcott. Louisa May Alcott had been ill since her Civil War nursing work, but she became worse. She hired assistants to care for her niece, and moved to Boston to be near her doctors. She wrote Jos Boys which neatly detailed the fates of her characters from her most popular fiction series. She also included the strongest feminist sentiments in this final book. By this time, Louisa had retired to a rest home. Visiting her fathers deathbed on March 4, she returned to die in her sleep on March 6. A joint funeral was held, and they were both buried in the family cemetery plot. While she is best known for her writings, and is sometimes a source of quotations, Louisa May Alcott was also a supporter of reform movements including antislavery, temperance, womens education, and womens suffrage. Also known as:  L. M. Alcott, Louisa M. Alcott, A. M. Barnard, Flora Fairchild, Flora Fairfield Family: Father: Amos Bronson Alcott, Transcendentalist, philosopher and educational experimenter, founder of Fruitlands, a utopian community which failedMother: Abigail May, relative of abolitionist Samuel MayLouisa was the second of four daughtersLouisa May Alcott never married. She was a guardian for her sisters daughter and adopted a nephew.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Migration Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2

Migration - Assignment Example Individuals may migrate because of social reasons such as family miss understandings, political turmoil, poverty or the intense desire for adventure. In its content, ‘the Bridge’ journal looks at some of the reasons why gender has been one of the core reasons for migration in many parts of the world. Gender roles, inequalities and relations highly influence migration in the current generation (Jolly S., Reeves H 2005 pg. 1). Gender oppression has been a key fight in many parts of the world. The current system of education provides equal opportunities to all people regardless of their gender. Women have the power to manage big institutions and to own property worth million and billions of dollars. This is unlike in the past where men were the dominant species and women were required only to act like companions and servants of the man. Gender movement erupted from the discovery of various abilities by oppressed parties which include both women and men depending on the envi ronment. It is not logical to say that only women are prone to oppression in the modern world. Every form of gender is prone to oppression that can in turn lead to migration. Migration is currently viewed as a problem caused by development but if deeply analyzed; sex segregation in the world’s labour market is one of the major causes of migration. Policies of gender migration in relation to labour markets provide different opportunities to men and women which at time cause unskilled women to more risky migration conduit (Jolly S., Reeves H 2005 pg. 4). Due to this fact, cases of human trafficking have become common in many parts of the world with Africa and Asia being the most affected regions. Economic imbalance, gender oppression and lack of employment cause many women to be lured into human traffic business with them being the commodity of trade. Their desire for a new